What Is Hyper-V Replica?

Hyper-V Replica is new functionality added to the Hyper-V Role in Windows Server 2012.  Hyper-V Replica enables organizations to implement an affordable Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery (BCDR) solution for virtualized workloads. This allows virtual machines running at a primary site to be efficiently replicated to secondary location (Replica site) across a WAN link. 



Hyper-V Replica provides a storage-agnostic and workload-agnostic solution that replicates efficiently, periodically, and asynchronously over IP-based networks, typically to a remote site. Hyper-V Replica allows a Hyper-V Administrator, in the event of a failure at a primary site (e.g. fire, natural disaster, power outage, server failure etc…), to execute a failover of production workloads to replica servers at a secondary location within minutes, thus incurring minimal downtime.  The configurations at each site do not have to be the same with respect to server or storage hardware. Hyper-V Replica provides a System Administrator the option to restore virtualized workloads to a point in time depending on the Recovery History selections for the virtual machine.  Hyper-V Replica provides the necessary management APIs that enable IT management vendors to build an enterprise class Disaster Recovery (DR) solution for their customers. Hyper-V Replica enables Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) for hosting providers that host dedicated/virtual servers for their customers. With Hyper-V Replica, Hosters can provide solutions that offer DR as a service to their customers (specifically Small and Medium Business (SMB) customers). 

Here is a list of terms that are relevant to the Hyper-V Replica functionality:



Recovery Time Objective (RTO) The Recovery Time Objective (RTO) is the duration of time within which a business process must be restored after a disaster (or disruption) in order to avoid unacceptable consequences associated with a break in business continuity.  This can also be referred to in business terms as a Service Level Agreement (SLA)
Recovery Point Objective (RPO) The Recovery Point Objective (RPO) describes the acceptable amount of data loss measured in time
Application-consistent Replica Recovery to a point-in-time that is consistent from the application’s perspective.  To accomplish this, the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) is used
Standard Replica A crash consistent replica of the primary virtual machine
Primary server The Hyper-V machine (Hyper-V Failover Cluster) that hosts virtualized production workloads
Replica  server The Hyper-V machine (Hyper-V Failover Cluster) that hosts the replica virtual machines for a Primary server
Planned Failover A Planned Failover is a controlled event where an Administrator gracefully moves a virtual machine from a Primary site to a replica site
Failover A Failover is an unplanned event where the Primary site experienced a problem and replica virtual machines had to be brought online at a replica site
Test Failover A process an Administrator executes on a replica virtual machine to verify it’s functionality

Marcos Nogueira

With more than 18 years experience in Datacenter Architectures, Marcos Nogueira is currently working as a Principal Cloud Solution Architect. He is an expert in Private and Hybrid Cloud, with a focus on Microsoft Azure, Virtualization and System Center. He has worked in several industries, including Aerospace, Transportation, Energy, Manufacturing, Financial Services, Government, Health Care, Telecoms, IT Services, and Gas & Oil in different countries and continents. Marcos was a Canadian MVP in System Center Cloud & Datacenter Managenment and he has +14 years as Microsoft Certified, with more than 100+ certifications (MCT, MCSE, and MCITP, among others). Marcos is also certified in VMware, CompTIA and ITIL v3. He assisted Microsoft in the development of workshops and special events on Private & Hybrid Cloud, Azure, System Center, Windows Server, Hyper-V and as a speaker at several Microsoft TechEd/Ignite and communities events around the world.

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